Common Flooring Installation Problems and Their Solutions: A Homeowner’s Guide
As a homeowner, you’ve probably experienced the challenges of needing major repairs in your home.
You feel like you’re living in a work zone.
The furniture gets shuffled around.
You can’t get to everything.
And honestly, flooring repairs are not much different. That’s why, if you’re installing your floors, the sooner you address any potential problems, the better.
We’re here to guide you through some of those problems so you can avoid them, know what to look for, and how to solve them. Even if you’re not installing your floors, this article can help you communicate with flooring professionals and stay in the loop with the project.
- The installation challenges of various flooring
- Preparation and planning challenges
- Installation errors
- Post-installation issues
- Maintenance and repair
- When to seek professional help
The Installation Challenges of Various Flooring
Different types of flooring will have different challenges. Here are some of the most common types and what to look out for:
- Hardwood flooring: Prized for its natural beauty and durability, hardwood floors require proper acclimation, moisture testing (of both the floor and subfloor), and installation techniques to prevent warping and gaps.
- Engineered wood flooring: Engineered wood flooring is a popular alternative to hardwood, as it is more resistant to changes in temperature and humidity. It consists of a hardwood veneer on top of layers of plywood or other wood-based materials. Despite its stability, engineered wood still requires attention to detail during installation. The subfloor must be clean, dry, and level to avoid issues such as cupping or buckling. Additionally, proper expansion gaps should be left around the perimeter of the room to accommodate for any natural expansion and contraction of the material.
- Laminate flooring: A popular choice for their affordability and low maintenance, laminate floors, though, can still suffer from moisture damage. Always install over a well-prepared subfloor that has been tested for moisture.
- Vinyl flooring: Vinyl is known for its versatility and water resistance, but it also presents some challenges. For one, it needs a perfectly level subfloor for installation and a consistent temperature to prevent warping. It’s also brittle and can easily break. Be careful of putting heavy objects like furniture on it since it may crease in those places.
- Tile flooring: Tiles are a long-lasting and attractive option; however, they can crack or loosen if not installed on a level, well-prepared surface.
- Carpet: Offering comfort and insulation, carpet requires accurate measurements, proper stretching, and secure fastening to avoid wrinkles and unevenness. And don’t skimp out on a good pad underneath.
Preparation and Planning Problems
Proper planning and preparation can save time, money, and frustration while ensuring a durable, attractive, and long-lasting floor. Let’s look at some problems to look for and why addressing them proactively is crucial.
Poor subfloor preparation
A poorly prepared subfloor can lead to uneven flooring, cracks, and other issues.
Solution: Assess the subfloor for damage, levelness, cleanliness, and moisture content (wood) or RH% (concrete) before beginning installation. Repair any damage and ensure the subfloor is clean and dry.
Mistakes in measuring the space can result in material waste or shortages.
Solution: Use precise measuring techniques and tools to calculate the area accurately. Always account for waste and additional cuts.
Inadequate materials and tools
Insufficient or improper tools and materials can hinder the installation process and compromise the floor’s integrity.
Solution: Research the appropriate tools and materials needed for the specific flooring type and ensure they are available before starting the project.
For example, when installing a solid hardwood floor, you’ll want to make sure you have the right kind of subfloor materials—usually plywood or concrete.
But steer clear of particle board. Made of wood chips glued together, particle board lacks the strength and moisture resistance needed for hardwood flooring.
Importance of addressing preparation problems
- Ensuring a strong foundation: A well-prepared subfloor is the foundation of any flooring installation. Properly addressing subfloor issues, such as unevenness, damage, or moisture, is essential for preventing complications during and after installation.
- Accurate material estimation: Precise measurements and calculations are critical for ordering the correct quantity of flooring materials. This ensures you avoid costly overages or time-consuming shortages during installation.
- Avoiding installation delays: By having all necessary tools, materials, and equipment ready before starting, you can prevent delays or interruptions. This proactive approach saves time and helps to keep the project on schedule. It also minimizes the disruption to your daily life.
- Preventing costly mistakes: Thorough planning enables you to identify potential challenges and obstacles, allowing you to address them before they cause expensive errors.
- Ensuring a professional finish: Proper preparation and planning contribute to the overall quality and appearance of your floor. By addressing potential issues beforehand, you can achieve a professional-looking finish that adds value and appeal to your property.
- Reducing long-term issues: Thorough planning and preparation can prevent long-term problems with your flooring, such as warping, buckling, or moisture damage. By addressing potential issues at the outset, you can enjoy a more durable and long-lasting floor.
As you put in your new floor (or hire a contractor to do so), be on guard for these installation errors:
Incorrectly installed underlayment
An improperly installed underlayment can lead to moisture damage, uneven flooring, and reduced lifespan.
Solution: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper underlayment installation, ensuring appropriate overlap, seam sealing, and moisture protection.
Flooring not properly acclimated
Flooring materials can expand or contract due to changes in temperature and humidity, leading to gaps, cupping, crowning, or buckling.
Solution: Allow the flooring material to acclimate to the room’s conditions (with the HVAC running) for the recommended time before installation. Use a moisture meter to check that the flooring has reached the moisture content that matches the environment.
Inappropriate adhesive or fasteners
Using the wrong adhesive or fasteners can cause the flooring to separate or become unstable.
Solution: Select adhesives and fasteners compatible with the specific flooring material and follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for application.
Insufficient expansion gaps
Floors require expansion gaps to accommodate natural expansion and contraction.
Solution: Maintain the recommended expansion gaps around the perimeter of the room, as well as at doorways and other transitions.
Incorrect pattern or layout
An improper pattern or layout can lead to an unattractive and unbalanced appearance.
Solution: Plan and follow an appropriate pattern or layout, considering factors like room size, focal points, and symmetry. Generally, to make a room feel bigger, have the longer dimension in line with the longer length of the room.
Flooring problems can be the result of negligence during the installation process. But sometimes, even with the best of precautions, issues can occur later on due to conditions outside of your control.
We’ll look at both kinds of problems:
Uneven flooring can result from subfloor irregularities or installation errors.
Solution: Identify the cause and address it accordingly, which may involve repairing the subfloor or reinstalling affected sections.
Squeaky or creaky floors
Loose boards or fasteners can lead to squeaking or creaking sounds.
Solution: Locate the source of the noise and secure any loose boards or fasteners. An appropriate construction adhesive is your friend.
Gaps between floorboards
Gaps can occur due to improper installation, material shrinkage, or insufficient expansion gaps.
Solution: Either live with it (probably not what you want), or re-install the affected boards with proper moisture content and spacing.
Excess moisture can cause warping, buckling, or mold growth.
Solution: Identify and address moisture sources, such as leaks or the ambient conditions not matching the installer’s guidelines. Use a device like the Wagner Meters Smart Logger, or Floor Sentry (if installed in your floor) to monitor conditions proactively. Always maintain appropriate humidity levels in the space year-round.
Discoloration or fading
Flooring can become discolored or faded due to sunlight exposure, wear, or chemical reactions.
Solution: Protect floors from direct sunlight with window treatments, use area rugs to minimize wear, and clean with appropriate products to avoid chemical damage.
Maintenance and Repair
Proper maintenance and timely repairs play a crucial role in preserving the beauty, functionality, and longevity of your flooring. Regardless of the type of flooring you have installed, consistent care can help prevent more significant issues and save you time and money in the long run.
Here are some things to keep in mind:
- Regular cleaning and care: Use suitable products and techniques to keep floors looking their best and extend their lifespan.
- Addressing minor damages: Repair small scratches, dents, or stains promptly to prevent further damage and maintain the floor’s appearance.
- Protecting your floor: This may include using doormats, putting protective pads on furniture, or regularly inspecting your floor.
- Professional repairs for severe issues: Seek professional assistance for complex or extensive repairs to ensure the best results and avoid further damage.
When should you seek professional help? More on that next.
Hiring Professional Help
While many homeowners may feel confident in tackling some flooring issues and maintenance themselves, there are situations where hiring a professional is the best course of action.
Maybe an installation is more complex than you expected it to be. Or your floor needs extensive repairs that you don’t have the skills or tools for.
Hiring a professional can be a benefit in many ways:
- Expertise and experience: Professionals have extensive knowledge and experience in handling various flooring types, materials, and installation techniques. Their expertise allows them to address challenges efficiently and achieve a high-quality finish—something a DIYer may not be able to do quite as easily.
- Time savings: Professional installers have the skills and tools to complete a flooring installation more quickly than an inexperienced homeowner. This time savings can reduce the disruption to your daily life and allow you to enjoy your new floor sooner.
- Proper tools and equipment: Professional flooring contractors have access to specialized tools and equipment necessary for a successful installation. These resources can ensure a more precise and efficient installation and a better final result.
- Problem-solving capabilities: Flooring professionals are likely to be adept at identifying and resolving potential issues during the installation process. Their problem-solving abilities can prevent costly mistakes and ensure a seamless, durable floor.
- Liability and insurance: Reputable flooring contractors should carry liability insurance, protecting you and your property from potential damages during the installation process. This added security can provide peace of mind during a potentially complex project.
- Long-term value: A professional installation can enhance the long-term value of your flooring investment. High-quality installation can contribute to a longer-lasting and more attractive floor, ultimately increasing the overall value of your property.
Finding a Flooring Professional
Convinced you need a professional for your flooring project?
Your first step will be finding a reputable flooring contractor. One of the best ways to do this is to ask your friends and family who they recommend.
If nothing comes up through asking around, look online for a flooring installer near you. When you find someone, read online reviews about their business and verify their credentials and references.
Be sure to obtain multiple quotes and compare costs, the scope of work, materials, and warranties. This way, you can be sure you’re making an informed decision that best suits your needs and budget.
Finally, as you communicate with the flooring installer, explain your requirements, budget, and timeline clearly. Ask them how they prevent moisture issues affecting the flooring or subflooring. Ask them how they warranty their work. Seek open communication throughout the project.
One of the Biggest Factors in Flooring Success
So, you’re ready to enhance your living space—but with the least amount of hassle!
You may be a DIY enthusiast or choose to work with a professional. Either way, this comprehensive guide can help you navigate the challenges and achieve a flawless finish.
But here’s one more tidbit that’ll impact your flooring installation success, particularly if it’s a hardwood floor:
Roughly 80% of problems with wood occur due to moisture. That means that moisture testing may be one of the most important steps you take to avoid challenges in the first place!
To learn more about moisture’s effect on flooring, read our article with 3 simple steps for avoiding a wood flooring disaster.
Wagner Meters is a family-owned American business that aims to provide solutions in moisture measurement technology that will enhance the quality and value of each customer’s project. With an almost 60-year legacy of innovation, Wagner continues to be a resource for both individual craftsmen and high-performance commercial endeavors.
Last updated on October 17th, 2023