24 Hardwood Flooring Tools for Installation

Every craftsman knows the importance of having the right tools for the job. And when it comes to hardwood flooring, the tools you select can mean the difference between a flawless finish and a botched job. With diverse options available, hardwood flooring professionals must be equipped with the necessary tools to ensure a precise, safe, and efficient installation.

This guide will introduce you to 24 indispensable hardwood flooring tools that cater to every stage of the installation process. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or just starting the trade, these tools should be in your arsenal.
hardwood tools

As with any trade, hardwood flooring professionals need an assortment of tools to install a floor properly, safely, and in a timely manner. However, the choice of which tools to have on hand can be daunting.

1. Safety Goggles

Safety glasses should meet performance standards set by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). There are many safety glasses to choose from. They come in a wide variety of styles and color choices. Normal glasses or contact lenses do not qualify.

Goggles are a better choice for certain conditions. They protect the eye socket more effectively and completely than either glasses or face shields because they fit tightly against the face. If you have a vision prescription and don’t wear contacts, buy prescription goggles. Not being able to see at all isn’t very safe either.

2. Dust Mask and Vapor Respirators

A dust respirator will protect your lungs and upper respiratory tract from wood dust. Some people are highly sensitive and even allergic to wood dust, especially the dust from certain wood species. The best ones have a NIOSH N95 rating and the letters N95 printed on the mask.

A vapor respirator is necessary when applying a finish. Check the finish manufacturer’s Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for the appropriate respirator.

3. Ear Plugs or Ear Muffs

Ear SafetyEarplugs are easy to use and inexpensive. They come either as foam inserts or pre-molded plugs. If you’re concerned about earplugs getting lost in your ears, there are earplugs called “semi-inserts” that have a band or string connecting them together.

4. Knee Pads

As a wood flooring installer, you will be spending some of your time on your knees; knee pads will prevent strain and pain. Use contractor-grade pads made of cloth that are adjustable and fit well. Since they come with a soft non-marring outer surface, they will not damage floors like hard plastic or metal versions. There are also ergonomic type knee pads containing fluid that offer considerable comfort.

5. Work Safety Boots

workbootsThe dangers to your feet are obvious. When you select a boot (athletic shoes are not acceptable), here are some features to consider:

Slip-resistant: Keep the treads cleaned out, or they’ll become less slip-resistant.

Safety toe: You have some choices here. They don’t necessarily have to be steel-toed, which can get heavy and cold. Some good safety toe alternatives are carbon composite toe, aluminum toe, or composite toe.

6. Heavy Gloves

Heavy work gloves with reinforced fingertips should last a long time. When you’re laying down the adhesive, a simple latex glove may be sufficient.

7. Feather Boards

Wood Flooring FeatherboardUse the feather board to push the stock past the cutting edge whenever you use a table saw. The feather board not only creates a smoother cut but also protects your hands from kickback and from getting too close to the blade. You can buy them or make them. Whichever option you chose, just make sure the feather board fits your specific project.

8. Electrical Testers

Electrical testers check for the presence and amount of current in an outlet. They let you know if a certain machine can safely operate from that outlet. Make sure your extension cords are the proper rating to prevent fires. Too little power will burn out an electric motor.

9. Wood Moisture Meter

Determining the moisture content in wood flooring is crucial to doing a quality job. If the wood has too much moisture, the floor that fit so well when first installed may eventually show cracks, cupping, or buckling, which could mean costly callbacks for the installer.

Orion 930 Dual Depth Measuring Moisture in Hardwood FloorAccording to marketing data, more than $500 million is spent each year on repairing flooring failures. That’s why flooring materials should be checked with an accurate wood moisture meter before, during, and after installation.

There are two types of wood moisture meters: pinless and pin-style meters.

10. Concrete RH Testing System

When installing flooring covering on a concrete slab, it is important to know the slab’s moisture content. Slabs with excessive moisture can cause adhesive failure, wood warping, or cupping. Relative humidity (RH) testing that uses in situ probes is the most reliable method for testing concrete moisture conditions within the slab.

Other test methods, including calcium chloride testing or the poly-film test, often are unreliable and are being discontinued.

Surface concrete meters might help determine the most likely areas for necessary RH testing, but they do not provide an in-depth picture of moisture conditions within the slab as does RH testing.

11. Tape Measure

Tape MeasureA tape measure is an inexpensive hardwood floor tool every installer should have. It’s best to invest in one that you can read easily, is retractable and has a hook at the end to stay in place. Without an anchor to keep the tape measure secure, you can get measurements up to 1/8 of an inch off.

12. Level

A level will tell you if the subfloor’s surface is even and ready for the wood flooring to be installed. Installing the wood on an uneven subfloor is another way to create the circumstances for future flooring failure. You’ll want a large level to accurately measure the subfloor’s level.

You can find them in lengths of four and six feet. A complete level will have two bubble readings at both ends, one each to measure horizontal and vertical levels. The level edges should also be made of either metal or brass-edged wood.

13. Solutions for Straight Lines and Angles

A Carpenter’s square helps you measure perpendicular edges and 90-degree angles precisely to mark cuts on your stock. They come in metal or plastic. triangleA Protractor will help you set the proper angles on your saw so you’re cutting corners and moldings correctly. You can select either a manual or digital protractor.

14. Spacers

Spacers are used to measure what’s called an “expansion gap.” Because wood either absorbs or releases moisture when relative humidity increases or decreases, it can cause hardwood flooring to expand and contract. The use of spacers will enable you to leave a small space around the room’s perimeter for the flooring to “breathe.”

15. Saws

Hand saws are great when you have a small sawing job; a hand saw will do just fine. They’re also better for cutting down on noise and dust. Some hand saws you may want to purchase are:

  • Standard hand, crosscut, and rip saws for basic straight cuts
  • Backsaw, a shorter, fine-toothed saw, used with miter boxes
  • Coping saws used for fine, intricate cuts as well as curved or circular cuts
  • Hacksaws and mini-hacksaws, similar to coping saws, have longer, deeper fine-toothed blades and are used for cutting metals and plastic
  • Jamb saws come with an offset handle that allows for undercutting door jambs

Free Download – 5 Ways Pinless Moisture Meters Save You Time and Money

16. Nail Set & Nailing Machines

Nail sets look like awls. You use them to drive nails below the surface of the wood. When hand nailing tongue-and-groove flooring, use the nail set on its side to avoid damaging the corner of the flooring strip.

Nailing machines help keep nailing time to a minimum and eliminate time spent reaching for nails. They work as fast as you can position the machine. nail gunThere are different styles of nailing machines.

The ratchet and spring-loaded nailers release nails when you strike them with a mallet.

Pneumatic nailers, also known as air nailers, use compressed air to operate and require a higher degree of safety consciousness.

The ratchet-style nailers are easier for novices to use because they can operate with several strikes.

Spring-loaded nailers operate on the one strike, one nail principle. The pneumatic nailers shoot fasteners into wood (some are designed to nail into concrete) in one of two ways. Some require hitting it with a mallet, while others require you only pull a trigger.

17. Fasteners

Installers use fasteners to attach the subfloor to the concrete. They allow for wood movement in a highly efficient way.

fastenersCleats are barbed nails with a T- or L-hooked head. Most are proprietary designs for use only with a specified type of nailer. Their thin rectangular shape guards against nail splitting.

Some nailing machines use staples rather than cleats. They, too, can be effective. Installers can also use case nails, cut nails, finish nails, and screws to fasten wood flooring.

Hand nailing is best for the first and last few rows of flooring in a room when there isn’t room to operate a nailing machine. Screws can be used to fasten plank flooring.

18. Hammer/Rubber Mallet

Since most wood flooring materials join together using a tongue and groove system, it helps to have a rubber mallet to give them a good whack when nailing. If not, the gap between the boards will remain, and creaks will occur.

Use a good quality rubber mallet, one approved for wood flooring.

19. Trowel

You’ll need a trowel to get any adhesive down on the subfloor. As with the mallet, buy one specifically designed for use with a wood flooring adhesive.

trowelFor wood flooring jobs, you’ll have two notch design options: V-shaped or square. Some people believe the V-shaped notch design is best for wood flooring adhesives. Regardless of their shape, the notches on the trowel also come in different sizes. The quarter-inch v-notch is considered best for wood flooring installations.

20. Tapping Block and Pull Bar

These hardwood floor tools will help you move the wood planks tightly into place. It might be tempting to use a stray piece of cut board as your tapping block, but that’s not a good idea. Tapping BlockFirst, using the cut board is the easiest way to chip the installed wood plank, especially the tongue or groove you need to make the next plank fit in nicely. It also risks splits because the cut board won’t distribute the pressure of the tap well.

This is all unnecessary, especially since a specifically designed tapping block is so inexpensive. Most will be high-density plastic, which won’t chip or damage the wood plank.

There are also new tapping block designs that include a small groove running along the block’s long edge. This groove aligns with the tongue of the plank you’re tapping, giving it a cushion.

21. Wood Filler and Putty

These terms are often used synonymously since they can fill in gaps and holes in the wood once installed. However, there are differences between them. Wood fillers are usually water-based and dry much more quickly than wood putty, which is oil-based.

Because wood putty is oil-based, it will only work with oil-based finishes. Therefore, the decision of whether to use filler or putty to fill in seams may be made based on what finish you’ll be using. Wood fillers can be made with a variety of binders.

A latex or epoxy filler works well with unfinished flooring. Polyurethane or lacquer fillers will only work well with pre-finished or pre-lacquered surfaces, respectively.

22. Sander

Floors are wide spaces, so you want a walk-behind sanding machine. The two main options are a drum or orbital floor sander. Whichever you choose, these standing sanders both come in a variety of sizes, usually to support either eight, ten, or twelve-inch pads.

A drum sander is the most efficient, but it has some drawbacks. It’s an aggressive sander, which is why it works well to sand off a finish. However, if this is in a floor installation of unfinished wood, it can cause scratches and grooves. This is especially true when used at a right angle to the wood’s grain.

Instead, the round pad on a random orbital sander moves in an elliptical pattern but oscillates back and forth. This prevents the sanding pad from sanding in a fixed pattern, which is when scratches and grooves are most likely to occur.

23. Air Compressor

Several air compressors are available for job site operation of pneumatic staplers and nailers. Choosing one is simple – get one that’s the right size to produce adequate air volume (cubic feet per minute) and air pressure (pounds per square inch) for your pneumatic floor stapler or nailer. air compressor

24. Shop Vacuum/Broom

A powerful portable shop vacuum is useful to pick up any powdery sawdust generated from sawing. Be sure to get one with sufficient amps in the motor. Low amps in small motors typically mean less power and less suction. Consider getting one with wide wheels to prevent damage or marring to the flooring.

Also, consider systems that link their vacuums directly to dust-producing tools to collect dust and debris at its source.

A Tool for Every Task

Hardwood flooring installation is an art that marries precision with durability. As we’ve explored in this comprehensive guide, each tool has a unique role in ensuring that the result is aesthetically pleasing and stands the test of time.

The proper tools can make all the difference, from safety equipment that protects the installer to specialized devices that ensure precision. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a newbie venturing into hardwood installation, investing in the right equipment is crucial.

Beyond mere installation, the correct tools also help maintain the floor’s longevity and beauty. After all, a well-installed hardwood floor is more than just a surface to walk on; it’s a testament to craftsmanship and quality.

As the adage goes, “Only as good as the tools you use,” and this couldn’t be truer in the world of hardwood flooring.

If you’re interested in learning more about woodworking tools, check out the article about the top 40 woodworking tools.

Last updated on September 1st, 2023


  1. Dav Gra says:

    Chalk line for installation
    Concrete nails 1inch blue tape

  2. Eli Richardson says:

    It’s great that you talked about the tools and equipment that you’d need to install hardwood flooring. Recently, my wife and I started to plan our house’s renovation. We want to start with the flooring, and after reading your piece, we’ll be sure to look for professionals with all the right tools. Thanks for the advice on hardwood floors and their installation.

  3. Adegoke Olumide says:

    I went through your explicit and very comprehensible write-ups on the various tool and usage. Well done.
    I am planning on setting up a furniture company in my country, and I sure needs guide on the kind of tools and eqipments

  4. William says:

    So thankful! Love the way how you explain everything. Can you also please share link where I can buy those tools.

    • Jason Spangler says:


      Thanks for the question. First, you need to have someone determine what the issue is, is it moisture moving through the slap or is a condensation issue related to the relative humidity and temperature in the air vs the temperature of the concrete. I would consult a certified flooring inspector to start, and see what they determine. Start here at http://www.nicfi.org Good luck.

  5. Access Doors and Panels says:

    When you’re installing your new laminate flooring, you need to make sure you have the right tools. Keep up the great work! Thank you so much for sharing great posts.

  6. Carol Gibson says:

    Amazing Blog ! i believe that, definitely you have shared a informative article in your website. i am waiting for your another content. thank you for sharing with us.

  7. Andrew Spinelli says:

    Thanks for the great selection. I’ve been in the wood floor business for 20 years now and use about 80% of the tools on your list.

    Andrew Spinelli

  8. Keen W. Johnson says:

    I saw a tool on Facebook that I failed to purchase to my bad. It lays on the floor & has little slots that comes out & measures corners for baseboards & trim. It has a lot of uses. It was orange in color. HELP

    • Jason Spangler says:


      Thanks for the question. The only thing I can think of would be called a shape gauge. Good luck.

  9. Thanks, what an informative post! Everything we need to know are found in this article. We hope you keep posting quality articles.

  10. Twocare Home Services says:

    I really need this kind of information and must share it with my circle. Thanks for sharing this with us.

  11. Kate Brownell says:

    I was planning to do the hardwood installation on my own but I was not so sure about the safety tools. This content has really helped me. Firstly, I was thinking to call the Contractors of hardwood flooring Utah Company near my area but it was quite an expensive deal. Now, I will be able to do it on my own and I will take all precautions. I have the goggles and vapor respirators, but I need heavy gloves and feather boards. Rest is all in place. I hope to perform the installation professionally now.

  12. rachel frampton says:

    My husband and I plan to install a maple hardwood floor in our living room. We’ll keep in mind to use electrical testers for us to check the current in an outlet. Although these are great tips, I’ll still consider looking for a hardwood flooring installation service, just in case we won’t be able to execute this perfectly.

  13. Sophia Slate says:

    Thank you for your great tips for hardwood floor installation. I want hardwood floors installed in my house. I will definitely utilize all of your great tips and information when getting hardwood floors installed.

  14. Robert says:

    Your post is so nice. I read your post and found it as an informative respectfully.

  15. Caden Dahl says:

    I’m looking at doing some new hardwood. I still have to get the supplies so I’ll be getting those soon. I will also have to add some of these tools to what I already have so I’ll be prepared.

  16. Sagan Hiltz says:

    I used these tools. These tools really help me to make me professional Tiles installer. But i suggest you that safety is my first opinion and priority.

  17. Eileen Lahr says:

    It is important to have complete safety tools and equipment to ensure a safety when installing hardwood flooring.

  18. Steave Jones says:

    Great post!!!! I really enjoyed reading this blog post. Nice tools for everyone. The tools look very handy and comfortable. Guys would love it.
    Very useful information and informative post. I love this blog! It’s fantastic!
    Thanks for sharing!!!!!!

    • Jason Spangler says:


      Thanks for the great feedback Please let us know if you are ever in the market for concrete moisture testing equipment.



  19. po says:

    Add a contour gauge and oscillating saw for working around door trims etc.

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