If a species is not footnoted with a number (1-18), then the specific gravity for that species has not been verified by Wagner. In most cases, with unverified species, these species have the same botanical name as the verified version but just a different common name. Many species (botanical name) in the world have many different common names. The footnote descriptions are shown at the bottom of the page.*

Wood Species Types in Alphabetical Order

To obtain the most accurate moisture content measurements with your Wagner moisture meter, you must set the meter for the correct species settings value for the species you are going to measure. For our customers' convenience, we have calibrated our meter's species settings in terms of specific gravity.*

For those instances where you need to measure moisture in a wood species that is not shown in your User’s Manual, Wagner has compiled this extensive database of wood species with their associated specific gravity values.

The sources for our database include the United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Products Laboratory.

The published specific gravity values are the average for each species. There can and will be some variability of the specific gravity (density) within any species of wood, but the average specific gravity value (again, from the most valid published sources) will provide the best settings for your Wagner moisture meter.

Common NameBotanical NameSpecific GravityVerified
Ma HatArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
Pometia pinnata0.60
MaayArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
MabohokCasuarina equisetifolia0.87
Platymiscium pinnatum0.87
Platymiscium pinnatum0.87
MacacaubaPlatymiscium pinnatum0.874
Macacauba PretaPlatymiscium pinnatum0.874
Macacauba VermelhaPlatymiscium pinnatum0.874
MacacawoodPlatymiscium pinnatum0.874
Platymiscium pinnatum0.87
MacarandubaManilkara bidentata0.95
Macassar EbonyDiospyros celebica0.9013
MachangMangifera altissima0.52
MachangMangifera indica0.53
MachibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MachilusMachilus odoratissima0.59
Madagascar RosewoodDalbergia baronii0.47
Madagiri VembuCedrela toona0.47
Pometia pinnata0.60
Pometia pinnata0.60
Madang KoranKoompassia malaccensis0.76
Madang LajoAleurites moluccana0.14
Swietenia macrophylla0.47
Tabebuia serratifolia0.99
MadieraSickingia salvadorense0.65
Swietenia macrophylla
0.47
MadieraSwietenia mahagoni0.57
MadkumBassia latifolia0.82
Pometia pinnata0.60
Arbutus menziesii0.64
Arbutus menziesii0.64
Arbutus menziesii0.64
MaduArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
MaeArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
MafusCedrela toona0.47
Shorea negrosensis0.59
MagakludLagerstroemia piriformis0.67
MagalibasKoordersiodendron pinnatum0.71
Shorea negrosensis0.59
MagasDuabanga sonneratioides0.37
MagatalulongLagerstroemia piriformis0.67
MagbokXanthophyllum excelsum0.67
MagnentiTestulea gabonensis0.76
Magnolia grandiflora0.50
MagnoliaMagnolia sororum0.52
MagnoliaMagnolia virginiana0.52
MagnoliaMagnolia yoroconte0.52
MagonaRapanea melanophleos0.74
MagoncaloHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
Shorea negrosensis0.59
MagsantolSandoricum vidalii0.65
MagtabigiAglaia gigantea0.54
Pometia pinnata0.60
MagugahLagerstroemia piriformis0.67
MaguyabudKoordersiodendron pinnatum0.71
Maha LimbuCedrela toona0.47
MahagoniSwietenia mahagoni0.57
MahalimoCedrela toona0.47
MahangMacaranga aleuritoides F. v. Mueller0.3818
MahangMacaranga hosei0.3418
MahangMacaranga hypoleuca0.3618
MahanimCedrela toona0.47
MaharimCedrela toona0.47
MahiArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
Mahi Mai mMaiArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
MahlunCedrela toona0.47
MahogSickingia salvadorense0.65
MahogSwietenia mahagoni0.57
MahoganyChloroxylon swietenia0.88
MahoganyIrvingia gabonensis0.76
Khaya nyassica0.44
MahoganySickingia salvadorense0.65
Swietenia macrophylla0.47
MahoganySwietenia mahagoni0.57
Mahogany BeanAfzelia quanzensis0.62
Mahogany BeanGymnocladus dioicus0.40
Mahogany du PaysSwietenia mahagoni0.57
Swietenia macrophylla0.47
Mahogany Petites FeuillesSwietenia mahagoni0.57
MahokSwietenia mahagoni0.57
Swietenia macrophylla0.47
MahoniSwietenia mahagoni0.57
Swietenia macrophylla0.47
MahotCouratari pulchra0.534
Mahot CigareCouratari pulchra0.534
Mahot RougeMora excelsa0.89
MahuaBassia latifolia0.82
MahulaBassia latifolia0.82
MahwaBassia latifolia0.82
MaiArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
Mai PradooPterocarpus macrocarpus0.793
Mai TakienHopea iriana0.80
Mai TakienHopea odorata0.63

Pterocarpus macrocarpus0.79
Mai-Kam-KawMesua ferrea0.92
MaimatArtocarpus hirsuta0.52

Pterocarpus macrocarpus0.79
Mai-PyeleMitragyna parvifolia0.59
Mai-TingMesua ferrea0.92
MakaasimSyzygium buettnerianum0.73
Tabebuia serratifolia0.99
MakarouTieghemella heckelii0.60
MakhamongIntsia bijuga0.65
MakhamongIntsia palembanica0.65
MakharIntsia bijuga0.65
MakkaMinquartia guianensis0.83
Tabebuia serratifolia0.99
MakopaAglaia gigantea0.54
MakoreMimusops heckelii0.55
MakoreTieghemella heckelii0.60
MakoriTieghemella heckelii0.60
MakweTieghemella heckelii0.60
Pometia pinnata0.60
Pometia pinnata0.60
MalaalmacigaPodocarpus guatemalensis0.54
MalaalmacigaPodocarpus neriifolia0.48
MalabayabasTristania decorticata1.03
MalabobonauSandoricum vidalii0.65
MalabodaMyristica sp.0.54
MalafioSyzygium buettnerianum0.73
Shorea negrosensis0.59
MalagangauAnisoptera curtisii0.52
Malagiting-BitingXanthophyllum excelsum0.67
Pometia pinnata0.60
MalahLophira alata0.94
MalaiAnisoptera curtisii0.52
MalakalumpangSterculia ceramica0.29
MalakapaiAlangium meyeri0.56
MalakatmonDillenia luzoniensis0.65
MalakoPeltogyne porphyrocardia0.69
MalakoPeltogyne venosa0.69
MalambaMitragyna ciliata0.52
MalangangauAnisoptera curtisii0.52
MalangisoSyzygium buettnerianum0.73
MalapahoAnisoptera curtisii0.52
MalapahoMangifera altissima0.52
MalapahoMangifera indica0.53
MalaramboSandoricum vidalii0.65
MalasagingAglaia gigantea0.54
MalasantolSandoricum vidalii0.65
Pometia pinnata0.60
MalatapaiAglaia gigantea0.54
Shorea negrosensis0.59
MaleDipteryx odorata0.82
MaliCedrela toona0.47
MaligangAglaia gigantea0.54
MalimbatoDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
Diospyros ebenum0.94
MallayMesua ferrea0.92
Mallay vembuMelia azedarach0.51
MaloboDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
MalopahoAnisoptera curtisii0.52
MaloucouMitragyna stipulosa0.53
MalucuMitragyna stipulosa0.53
Pometia pinnata0.60
MalugaiPometia tomentosa0.59
Pometia pinnata0.60
MalukuMitragyna ciliata0.52
MalukuMitragyna stipulosa0.53
MamajaMammea americana0.74
MamangiChlorophora excelsa0.70
MamayaMammea americana0.74
MamecilloPouteria pomifera0.84
Quercus alba0.68
Quercus bicolor0.72
Quercus coccinea0.67
Quercus macrocarpa0.64
Quercus michauxii0.67
Quercus palustris0.63
MamecilloQuercus petraea0.65
Quercus stellata0.67
Quercus velutina0.61
MamecilloQuercus virginiana0.84
MameeMammea americana0.74
MameyMammea americana0.74
Mamey AmarilloMammea americana0.74
Mamey CereraPouteria izabalensis0.64
Mamey CereraPouteria pomifera0.84
Mamey de CartagenaMammea americana0.74
MammeaMammea africana0.69
Mammee TreeMammea americana0.74
MamonPouteria izabalensis0.64
MampoloSpathodea campanulata0.25
Man KobeCatostemma fragrans0.66
ManagbakXanthophyllum excelsum0.67
ManapoAnisoptera curtisii0.52
ManaringDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
ManbarklakEschweilera sagotiana0.90
Man-BijalGrewia elastica0.63
MancitoHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
MandalliVirola surinamensis0.51
MandioQualea albiflora0.54
MandioQualea paraensis0.58
MandioqueiraQualea albiflora0.54
MandioqueiraQualea paraensis0.58
Mandioqueira AsperaQualea paraensis0.58
Mandioqueira EscamosaQualea paraensis0.58
Mandioqueira LisaQualea paraensis0.58
MandjiChlorophora excelsa0.70
MandjiChlorophora regia0.59
MandukamBassia latifolia0.82
MangaMangifera indica0.53
MangalreDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
MangarisKoompassia excelsa0.75
ManggaMangifera altissima0.52
ManggaMangifera indica0.53
ManggaboomMangifera indica0.53
ManggachapuiHopea iriana0.80
ManggachapuiHopea odorata0.63
Shorea negrosensis0.59
ManggisKoompassia excelsa0.75
Pometia pinnata0.60
ManggoMangifera indica0.53
MangiTerminalia arjuna0.71
Tabebuia serratifolia0.99
MangoMangifera altissima0.52
MangoMangifera indica0.53
MangtanSchima wallichii0.62
Manguier SauvageIrvingia gabonensis0.76
ManilVochysia guianensis0.52
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
ManioPodocarpus guatemalensis0.54
ManioPodocarpus neriifolia0.48
Manitoba MapleAcer negundo0.452
ManiuPodocarpus guatemalensis0.54
ManiuPodocarpus neriifolia0.48
ManjakCordia collococea0.50
ManniSymphonia globulifera
0.632
ManniVochysia guianensis0.52
Tabebuia serratifolia0.99
Manonti KaoualiErisma uncinatum0.51
Manonti KoualiErisma uncinatum0.51
Pometia pinnata0.60
MansiuriAnisoptera costata0.52
MansoniaMansonia altissima0.55
MantecoByrsonima coriacea0.68
Manteco de AguaByrsonima coriacea0.68
ManuMinquartia guianensis0.83
ManwoodMinquartia guianensis0.83
Manzanito de MontanaGossypiospermum praecox0.77
ManzanoGossypiospermum praecox0.77
MaoboDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
MaparajubaManilkara bidentata0.95
Acer macrophyllum0.48
MapleAcer negundo0.452
Acer nigrum0.57
MapleAcer pseudoplatanus0.5713
Acer rubrum0.54
Acer saccharum0.63
MapoortzaAfzelia quanzensis0.62
Mapou BlancCordia collococea0.50
MapuneauAglaia gigantea0.54
Swietenia macrophylla0.47
Maracaibo BoxwoodGossypiospermum praecox0.77
MaradoPeltogyne porphyrocardia0.69
MaragabuloAlangium meyeri0.56
MaragonzaloHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
Mara-GonzaloHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
MarakaPeltogyne venosa0.69
MarakaipoIryanthera spp.0.58
MaramaniDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
MarandaOxystigma oxyphyllum0.53
MaranonAnacardium excelsum0.33
Maranon de MontanaAnacardium excelsum0.33
MarasantogKoordersiodendron pinnatum0.71
MarbauIntsia palembanica0.65
MarblewoodDiospyros ebenaster0.614
MarblewoodDiospyros inclusa0.7014
MarblewoodDiospyros melanoxylon0.67
MarblewoodDiospyros mindanaensis0.7814
MarblewoodDiospyros pyrrhocarpa0.6914
MarblewoodMarmaroxylon racemosum1.07
MarboDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
Hymenaea courbaril0.83
MarfilGossypiospermum praecox0.77
MargapaleDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
MargoncaloHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
MargonoaloHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
MaribuhokCasuarina equisetifolia0.87
MaricaoByrsonima coriacea0.68
Maritime SprucePicea glauca0.363
MarlangatAnisoptera costata0.52
MaroboDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
MaroeasiIntsia bijuga0.65
MarosoDysoxylum euphlebium0.63
Marrionier d'indeAesculus hippocastanum0.39
Pinus serotina0.56
MasaTetragastris altissima0.74
Platymiscium pinnatum0.87
Hymenaea courbaril0.83
MasaweAnisoptera curtisii0.52
Mascal WoodAnisoptera curtisii0.52
MascalwoodAnisoptera costata0.52
Nyssa sylvatica0.50
MascalwoodTarrietia sylvatica0.82
MascaryHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
MascaryHyeronyma laxiflora0.58
MashwalChloroxylon swietenia0.88
Astronium graveolens0.89
Astronium graveolens0.80
Tabebuia serratifolia0.99
MasiratuDecussocarpus vitiensis0.34
MassaranduManilkara bidentata0.95
MassarandubaManilkara bidentata0.95
MassassaRapanea melanophleos0.74
Mata MataEschweilera sagotiana0.90
MataiPodocarpus guatemalensis0.54
MataiPodocarpus neriifolia0.48
Mata-OjoPouteria pomifera0.84
MatkomBassia latifolia0.82
Pometia pinnata0.60
MatoraTerminalia amazonia0.76
MauriceByrsonima coriacea0.68
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
MawonMorus alba0.60
May kenHopea odorata0.63
MayapisAnisoptera curtisii0.52
MayapisShorea contorta0.374
MayapisShorea leprosula0.504
MayapisShorea leptoclados0.384
MayapisShorea negrosensis0.594
MayapisShorea smithiana0.434
MayoVochysia ferruginea0.52
MayoVochysia guianensis0.52
MayoVochysia lehmanni0.52
MayoVochysia tomentosa0.52
MayoboDiplodiscus paniculatus0.62
MazaMitragyna ciliata0.52
MazzardPrunus avium0.5813
MbabouOxystigma oxyphyllum0.53
MbabouTieghemella heckelii0.60
M'BabouOxystigma oxyphyllum0.53
Triplochiton scleroxylon0.32
MbalaChlorophora excelsa0.70
Khaya nyassica0.44
MbambakofiAfzelia quanzensis0.62
Khaya nyassica0.44
M'bangaAfzelia bipindensis0.62
M'bangaAfzelia pachyloba0.62
MbaraChlorophora excelsa0.70
MbarakunAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MbarikwaAfzelia quanzensis0.62
Khaya nyassica0.44
Khaya nyassica0.44
MbePterocarpus soyauxii0.644
MbeiIrvingia gabonensis0.76
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
MbelePiptadeniastrum africanum0.63
Mbele-GuliPiptadeniastrum africanum0.63
MbeliPiptadeniastrum africanum0.63
MbembakofeAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MbembakofiAfzelia quanzensis0.62
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
M'bezaRhamnus zeyheri0.86
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
MbilPterocarpus soyauxii0.644
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
MboiMitragyna stipulosa0.53
MbonStaudtia stipitata0.79
M'bondaStaudtia stipitata0.79
MboroagalagaMitragyna stipulosa0.53
M'bossiMammea africana0.69
MbotiTerminalia ivorensis0.54
Millettia laurentii0.81
M'boulAningeria altissima0.42
M'boulAningeria dombeyi0.39
M'boulAningeria robusta0.42
MbounStaudtia stipitata0.79
M'bounStaudtia stipitata0.79
M'boyMitragyna ciliata0.52
M'boyMitragyna stipulosa0.53
M'bozaMammea africana0.69
MchibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
M'chibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MeabaHeritiera javanica0.65
Meadow PinePinus caribaea0.70
MebaIrvingia gabonensis0.76
MebloBrachystegia laurentii0.57
Medang GatalSchima wallichii0.62
Pometia pinnata0.60
MeguzaBombax brevicuspe0.35
MeguzaBombax chevalieri0.51
MehibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MeiArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
MeiMorus mesozygia0.71
MelapiShorea assamica0.514
MelapiShorea cochinchinensis0.504
MelapiShorea hypochra0.584
MelawisGonystylus forbesii0.61
MelawisGonystylus macrophyllum0.54
MelefoufouHomalium dolicophyllum0.63
MelegbaBerlinia acuminata0.64
MeliAfzelia bipindensis0.62
MeliAfzelia pachyloba0.62
MelilaIntsia bijuga0.65
MelumutCampnosperma brevipetiolata0.33
MembatjangMangifera altissima0.52
MembatjangMangifera indica0.53
MembatuShorea guiso0.75
MembatuShorea plagata0.75
Pinus sylvestris0.45
MemengaStaudtia stipitata0.79
MemengueStaudtia stipitata0.79
MementiMelia azedarach0.51
Pometia pinnata0.60
MendouBrachystegia laurentii0.57
MengaMelia azedarach0.51
Menga MengaStaudtia stipitata0.79
MengarisKoompassia excelsa0.75
MengerihKoompassia malaccensis0.76
MengerisKoompassia malaccensis0.76
MenggarisKoompassia malaccensis0.76
MenggerisKoompassia excelsa0.75
MenggerisKoompassia malaccensis0.76
Menggeris RawangKoompassia malaccensis0.76
Menggeris TalangKoompassia malaccensis0.76
MenggrisKoompassia malaccensis0.76
MenghilanAgathis borneensis0.41
MenghilanAgathis philippinensis0.33
MengkulangHeritiera javanica0.65
MengkulangHeritiera ornithocephala0.70
MengrisKoompassia malaccensis0.76
MenhungaStaudtia stipitata0.79
Meni Oil TreeLophira alata0.94
MentasawaAnisoptera curtisii0.52
Abies grandis0.37
Picea sitchensis0.40
MerIntsia bijuga0.65
MeraMelia azedarach0.51
MerakunyitAnisoptera curtisii0.52
Meranti BungaShorea contorta0.374
Meranti BungaShorea leprosula0.504
Meranti BungaShorea leptoclados0.384
Meranti BungaShorea smithiana0.434
Meranti KawanAnisoptera costata0.52
Meranti RedShorea acuminata0.54
Meranti RedShorea leprosula0.54
Meranti RedShorea leptoclados0.384
Meranti RedShorea smithiana0.434
MerawanHopea iriana0.80
MerawanHopea odorata0.63
MerayoAnisoptera costata0.52
MerbaniAnisoptera costata0.52
MerbauIntsia bijuga0.65
MerbauIntsia palembanica0.65
MerbauIntsia spp.
0.672
Merbau changkatIntsia bijuga0.65
MerbaueIntsia bijuga0.65
MereiraChlorophora excelsa0.70
MereiraChlorophora regia0.59
Merendiba BrancaTerminalia amazonia0.76
MerewanHopea odorata0.63
MerisierPrunus avium0.5813
Merkus PinePinus merkusii0.59
MerkusfohrePinus merkusii0.59
MerkustallPinus merkusii0.59
MerlangsatAnisoptera costata0.52
Merluang LauhAnisoptera costata0.52
MerpauhSwintonia sp.0.62
Mersaura PayaAnisoptera curtisii0.52
Mersaw Daun LebarAnisoptera costata0.52
MersawaAnisoptera cochinchinensis0.52
MersawaAnisoptera costata0.52
MersawaAnisoptera curtisii0.52
MersawaAnisoptera laevis0.44
Mersawa
Anisoptera spp.
0.54
2
Mersawa KesatAnisoptera costata0.52
Mersawa KuningAnisoptera curtisii0.52
Mersawa KunyitAnisoptera curtisii0.52
Mersawa MerahAnisoptera costata0.52
MesawaAnisoptera costata0.52
MesawaAnisoptera curtisii0.52
MespelManilkara zapota0.71
MessassaBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Eucalyptus obliqua0.68
Messmate StringybarkEucalyptus obliqua0.6814
MesquiteProsopis juliflora0.8612
MesuaMesua ferrea0.92
Prunus avium0.58
Mexican CedarCedrela odorata0.394
MfimboBeilschmiedia mannii0.62
MfoPoga oleosa0.39
Turraeanthus africanus0.51
MfumeBombax brevicuspe0.35
MfumeBombax chevalieri0.51
MfungujiAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MgiritiDiospyros ebenaster0.614
MgiritiDiospyros mindanaensis0.7814
MgoturiePygeum africanum0.61
MgundaChlorophora excelsa0.70
MiAleurites moluccana0.14
Mi Dang WaAnisoptera costata0.52
MiaaHeritiera javanica0.65
MiaoDysoxylum euphlebium0.63
MiauDysoxylum euphlebium0.63
MibotuMillettia laurentii0.8114
MiguelarilloVirola koschnyi0.51
MijaAnacardium excelsum0.33
MijagaoAnacardium excelsum0.33
MijaoAnacardium excelsum0.33
Mikir-Lata-PhangGrewia elastica0.63
Milky MangroveExcoecaria agallocha0.42
MillaVitex cofassus0.67
MillaVitex parviflora0.68
Pometia pinnata0.60
MinaruiChlorophora excelsa0.70
MincoaMinquartia guianensis0.83
MincouartMinquartia guianensis0.83
MindanaoAnisoptera costata0.52
Mindanao NarekBalanocarpus heimii0.78
MindiMelia azedarach0.51
Mindoro PinePinus merkusii0.59
MinguarMinquartia guianensis0.83
MiomboBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MirabooIntsia palembanica0.65
Miraboo LautIntsia palembanica0.65
MirabowIntsia bijuga0.65
MirabowIntsia palembanica0.65
MiriAleurites moluccana0.14
MirimHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
MiroPodocarpus guatemalensis0.54
MiroPodocarpus neriifolia0.48
MispelManilkara zapota0.71
MispelboomManilkara zapota0.71
MispoeManilkara zapota0.71
MispuManilkara zapota0.71
Mit naiArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
MiurajubaManilkara bidentata0.95
MkalambakiBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
Khaya nyassica0.44
MkarambakiBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MkehliAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MkolaAfzelia bipindensis0.62
MkolaAfzelia pachyloba0.62
MkolaAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MkomohoyoPygeum africanum0.61
MkondekondePygeum africanum0.61
MkongoAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MkoraAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MkutiBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
MnaiRhamnus zeyheri0.86
MningaPterocarpus angolensis0.5914
Carya tomentosa0.72
Mockernut HickoryCarya tomentosa0.721
MoeleriByrsonima coriacea0.68
Moena AmarillaAniba duckei0.56
MoentjangAleurites moluccana0.14
MogongouTestulea gabonensis0.76
MogoubiStaudtia stipitata0.79
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
MohoCordia alliodora0.51
Moho SalvioCordia alliodora0.51
MoholoBassia latifolia0.82
Pometia pinnata0.60
MohulBassia latifolia0.82
Hymenaea courbaril0.83
MokongoChlorophora excelsa0.70
MokongoChlorophora regia0.59
Liquidambar styraciflua0.52
MolangaStaudtia stipitata0.79
MolaveVitex cofassus0.67
MolaveVitex parviflora0.68
Hura crepitans0.40
MoloundouChlorophora excelsa0.70
Moluccan IjzerhoutIntsia bijuga0.65
Moluccan IronwoodIntsia bijuga0.65
MolunduChlorophora excelsa0.70
MolunduChlorophora regia0.59
MombuluIrvingia gabonensis0.76
MongoSickingia salvadorense0.65
Swietenia macrophylla
0.47
MongoSwietenia mahagoni0.57
Swietenia macrophylla
0.47
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
Guibourtia ehie0.71
Millettia stuhlmannii0.83
Guibourtia ehie0.71
Monkey PodPithecellobium saman0.53
Monkey PodSamanea saman0.515
Araucaria angustifolia0.49
Platymiscium pinnatum0.87
Hura crepitans0.40
Millettia laurentii0.81
Larix occidentalis0.52
MontaneroEschweilera sagotiana0.90
MonteclaroTerminalia amazonia0.76
Pinus radiata0.45
MoonbaVirola surinamensis0.51
Mor AdoPeltogyne venosa0.69
MoraMora excelsa0.89
Mora BucquiaMora excelsa0.89
Mora de GulayanaMora excelsa0.89
Mora de GuyanaMora excelsa0.89
Mora PetoMora excelsa0.89
MoraballiMicropholis guianensis0.67
MoraballiMora excelsa0.89
MoraboekeaMora excelsa0.89
MorabukeaMora excelsa0.89
Morade-GuyanaMora excelsa0.89
MoradoPeltogyne porphyrocardia0.69
MoradoPeltogyne venosa0.69
Mora-YekMora excelsa0.89
MoreiraChlorophora excelsa0.70
MoreiraChlorophora regia0.59
MoreiraMora excelsa0.89
Pometia pinnata0.60
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
MoshaborokArtocarpus hirsuta0.52
Quercus macrocarpa0.64
Quercus macrocarpa0.64
Mo-TaManilkara zapota0.71
Motillon ColoradoHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
Pometia pinnata0.60
Mouchigo RougeIryanthera spp.0.58
MougoubiStaudtia stipitata0.79
MouguengueriDacryodes le testui0.56
MouinMusanga cecropioides0.23
MoukoniaMitragyna ciliata0.52
Terminalia superba0.40
Moukonia MalambaMitragyna stipulosa0.53
Moulmein CedarCedrela toona0.47
Moulmem CedarCedrela toona0.47
MoulombaVirola surinamensis0.51
Eucalyptus obliqua0.68
Mountain ashEucalyptus regnans0.5516
Fraxinus americana0.60
Prunus serotina0.50
Mountain ElmUlmus glabra0.53
Mountain Hemlock
Tsuga mertensiana
0.451
Larix occidentalis0.52
Magnolia grandiflora0.50
Pinus monticola0.35
Picea engelmannii0.35
Pinus monticola0.35
MoussigotVirola surinamensis0.51
MoussingaMusanga cecropioides0.23
MoutendeVochysia ferruginea0.52
MoutendeVochysia guianensis0.52
Moutende KoualiVochysia guianensis0.52
MouvendoDacryodes le testui0.56
MowaBassia latifolia0.82
Khaya nyassica0.44
Millettia stuhlmannii0.83
Millettia stuhlmannii0.83
MpengwaLovoa trichiliodes0.46
MpewerePiptadeniastrum africanum0.63
MpfoPoga oleosa0.39
M'poMitragyna ciliata0.52
M'pogaPoga oleosa0.39
MpoiPoga oleosa0.39
M'pongouePoga oleosa0.39
M'PossaBerlinia acuminata0.64
MputuBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MrihiBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MritiBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MsasaBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MsePodocarpus guatemalensis0.54
MsePodocarpus neriifolia0.48
MseneoPygeum africanum0.61
MshenziBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MsindiDiospyros ebenaster0.614
MsindiDiospyros mindanaensis0.7814
MtambaoCephalosphaera usambarensis0.44
MtambaraCephalosphaera usambarensis0.44
MtjibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MtondoBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Khaya nyassica0.44
MtondoroBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Khaya nyassica0.44
MtumbatiPterocarpus angolensis0.5914
MtunduBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Mtundu MweupeBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Khaya nyassica0.44
Khaya nyassica0.44
MuberryChlorophora excelsa0.70
MuboroMammea africana0.69
MubuguBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MubuubuBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MucaraneRhamnus zeyheri0.86
MuchambatiPygeum africanum0.61
MuchatiPygeum africanum0.61
MuchivaGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MucibeGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MucocoChlorophora excelsa0.70
MucunanaPterocarpus vernalis0.63
MudayatBassia latifolia0.82
MududadChloroxylon swietenia0.88
MuebaIrvingia gabonensis0.76
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
MuerPygeum africanum0.61
MueriPygeum africanum0.61
MueriaPygeum africanum0.61
MuforoRapanea melanophleos0.74
MufusCedrela toona0.47
MugeyePiptadeniastrum africanum0.63
MugisKoordersiodendron pinnatum0.71
MugonguTestulea gabonensis0.76
MugotePygeum africanum0.61
MugubaPoga oleosa0.39
MuhoMitragyna stipulosa0.53
MuhugiveBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MuhugmeBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MuhuguBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MuhuguBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MuhugweBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MuhuhuBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MuhuhuBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MuingiStaudtia stipitata0.79
MuinjeCasuarina equisetifolia0.87
Astronium graveolens0.89
Astronium graveolens0.80
MuiragoncaloHieronyma alchorneoides0.58
MuirapirangaBrosimum rubescens0.63
Prunus serotina0.50
MujiuraMitragyna ciliata0.52
MukalatiAningeria altissima0.42
MukaliAningeria altissima0.42
MukaliAningeria dombeyi0.39
MukaliAningeria robusta0.42
MukangaAningeria dombeyi0.39
MukanguAningeria altissima0.42
MukanguAningeria robusta0.42
MukessuIrvingia gabonensis0.76
Millettia laurentii0.81
Terminalia superba0.40
Pterocarpus soyauxii0.64
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
MukwaPterocarpus angolensis0.5914
MukwiramakokoRapanea melanophleos0.74
MulambaMusanga cecropioides0.23
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
MulatchineRhamnus zeyheri0.86
Platymiscium pinnatum0.87
MulberryMorus alba0.60
MulberryMorus mesozygia0.71
MulekoPoga oleosa0.39
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
Khaya nyassica0.44
MumangaBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MumuPlanchonella euphlebia0.89
MunaAningeria altissima0.42
MunaAningeria dombeyi0.39
MunaAningeria robusta0.42
MuncangAleurites moluccana0.14
Millettia laurentii0.81
MundiMitragyna parvifolia0.59
Mundi-MundiMitragyna parvifolia0.59
MunduBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Munecoc AnaleteCordia alliodora0.51
MunecocanaleteCordia alliodora0.51
MungaMitragyna stipulosa0.53
MungongonaAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MungoriondoAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MunguraBombax brevicuspe0.35
MunguzaBombax brevicuspe0.35
MunguzaBombax chevalieri0.51
MungwingwiAfzelia quanzensis0.62
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
Pometia pinnata0.60
MuningaPterocarpus angolensis0.5914
MunyamaiziMitragyna stipulosa0.53
MupandaBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MupapaAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MupuhuBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MuputuBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Prioria copaifera0.42
MurecyByrsonima coriacea0.68
MureilloErisma uncinatum0.51
MurgwiteRapanea melanophleos0.74
MuriciByrsonima coriacea0.68
MurieChlorophora excelsa0.70
Murier BlancMorus alba0.60
MuroMora excelsa0.89
Murray Red GumEucalyptus rostrata0.74
MurumbaChlorophora excelsa0.70
MururiChlorophora excelsa0.70
Khaya nyassica0.44
MurwitiRapanea melanophleos0.74
MusacassaAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MusangaMusanga cecropioides0.23
MusasaBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
Muscadier a GriveVirola surinamensis0.51
MusenenePodocarpus guatemalensis0.54
MusenenePodocarpus neriifolia0.48
MusesePiptadeniastrum africanum0.63
MuseweBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MushibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
Mushili MukunzeOxystigma oxyphyllum0.53
Mushilu MukunzeOxystigma oxyphyllum0.53
MushiwaMitragyna ciliata0.52
Diospyros ebenum0.94
MushungaPodocarpus guatemalensis0.54
MushungaPodocarpus neriifolia0.48
MusibeGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MusibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MussacosaAfzelia bipindensis0.62
MussacosaAfzelia pachyloba0.62
MussalossaAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MussasaePiptadeniastrum africanum0.63
MussibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MussiveGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MutendoIrvingia gabonensis0.76
MutetePterocarpus angolensis0.5914
MutimailuPygeum africanum0.61
MutiraiChloroxylon swietenia0.88
MutokeAningeria altissima0.42
MutomoRapanea melanophleos0.74
MutsatsaBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MutumbaChlorophora excelsa0.70
MutumbavChlorophora excelsa0.70
MutundojeBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MututiDipterocarpus basilanicus0.54
MututiDipterocarpus grandiflorus0.68
MututiDipterocarpus warburgii0.53
MututiPterocarpus angolensis0.5914
MututiPterocarpus marsupium0.714
MututiPterocarpus soyauxii0.644
MututiPterocarpus vernalis0.63
MutuyaBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MutwindaMyristica buchneriana0.41
MutwindaMyristica chartacea0.48
MutwindaMyristica hypargyraea0.44
MutwindaMyristica sp.0.54
Khaya nyassica0.44
MuvuleChlorophora excelsa0.70
Khaya nyassica0.44
MuxibeGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MuyManilkara zapota0.71
MuyozapotManilkara zapota0.71
MuzauleGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MuzauliGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
MuzauriGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
Pterocarpus angolensis0.59
MuzzibiGuibourtia coleosperma0.66
M'voukouMitragyna ciliata0.52
MvukuMitragyna stipulosa0.53
M'vuku masaMitragyna ciliata0.52
MvuleChlorophora excelsa0.70
MvuleChlorophora regia0.59
MvuliChlorophora excelsa0.70
MvuliChlorophora regia0.59
MvumvoBrachylaena hutchinsii0.85
MwambaAfzelia quanzensis0.62
MwekunduBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MwiritsaPygeum africanum0.61
MyLadyAspidosperma desmanthum0.65
MyapaoAlphitonia zizyphoides0.43
MyaukngoDuabanga sonneratioides0.37
Khaya nyassica0.44
MyomboBrachystegia spiciformis0.70
MyrtleUmbellularia californica0.553
Myrtle, TasmanianNothofagus cunninghamii0.6414
MyuleChlorophora regia0.59

Footnotes:

  
1Forest Products Laboratory Wood Handbook @ 12% MC values
2Forest Products Laboratory Wood Handbook Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner
3Forest Products Laboratory Techsheets Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner
4WoodWorkersSource Wood Library Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner
5We included Douglas-fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii) Coast (.48)*, Interior West (.50)*, Interior North (.48)*, Interior South (.46)* to come up with an average SG of (.48)* *“Coast type Douglas-fir is defined as Douglas-fir growing in the States of Oregon and Washington west of the summit of the Cascade Mountains. Interior West includes the State of California and all counties in Oregon and Washington east of but adjacent to the Cascade summit. Interior North includes the remainder of Oregon and Washington and the States of Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.” Specific Gravity resources: * Wood Handbook page 5-7
6According to USDA Forest Service, Forest Product Laboratory, Wood Handbook 2-8, Hard maple includes sugar maple (Acer saccharum) (.63)* and black maple (A. nigrum) (.57)*.
7According to USDA Forest Service, Forest Product Laboratory, Techsheets, Red Ash includes these three subspecies Fraxinus americana (.60)*, Fraxinus pennsylvanica (.56)*, Fraxinus profunda (.51)*
8According to USDA Forest Service, Forest Product Laboratory, Wood Handbook page 2-8, Soft maple includes silver maple (Acer saccharinum) (.47)*, red maple (A. rubrum) (.54)*, bigleaf maple (A.macrophyllum) (.48)*, and boxelder (A. negundo) (.45)** Specific Gravity resources:
* Wood Handbook page 5-5
** Forest Product Laboratory Techsheet
9According to the Southern Pine Inspection Bureau (SPIB) the four main subspecies that make up the SYP category are: Longleaf, Shortleaf, Loblolly and Slash pines. The SYP mix setting (.56) was determined by taking the average of Longleaf (.59)*, Shortleaf (.51)*, Loblolly (.51)* and Slash pines (.59)* Specific Gravity resources: * Wood Handbook page 5-7 & page 5-8
10 Forest Products Laboratory Techsheets Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76
11 According to Forest Products Laboratory Techsheets Guatambu grown in *Brazil has a higher specific gravity then for **Argentinean material. *Guatambu (Brazil) (Balfourodendron riedelianum)(.79) Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner. **Guatambu (Argentinean) (Balfourodendron riedelianum)(.70) Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner.
12Forest Products Laboratory Techsheets Calculated from Dry (0%) MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76
13WoodWorkersSource Wood Library Calculated from Dry (0%) MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76
14WoodWorkersSource Wood Library Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76
15WoodWorkersSource Wood Library Calculated from Dry (0%) MC values by Wagner
16The Wood Database Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner
17The Wood Database Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76
18Tropicaltimber Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76
19According to Forest Products Laboratory Techsheets Goncalo Alves grown in *Honduras and Venezuela has a higher specific gravity then for **Brazil and Colombia material. *Goncalo Alves (Honduras and Venezuela) (Astronium graveolens)(.89) Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner. **Goncalo Alves (Brazil and Colombian) (Astronium graveolens)(.80) Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner.
 
 
* Legal disclaimer:

Wagner has compiled species’ average specific gravity (SG) values (wood volume at 12% moisture content (MC) and oven-dry weight) from industry-accepted 3rd-party sources (USDA Forest Products Laboratory as an example) and provides this list for free with no implied warranty. Where an SG value listed in Wagner Meters’ manuals or website has been verified by Wagner, this is indicated as such, and not indicated as verified if a verification process has not been completed by Wagner for that species. Wagner is not responsible for any 3rd-party oversights or errors in their (the 3rd-parties) published SG values.

Where no published average SG value could be found for a species for the wood volume at 12% MC and oven-dry weight basis, Wagner has derived the proper SG value through a robust algorithm (see detailed explanation below under the heading ‘Specific Gravity (SG) Values of Wood and Their Referenced Moisture Content’).
 


 
Specific Gravity (SG) Values of Wood and Their Referenced Moisture Content

 

Wagner Meters’ moisture meters’ species settings are calibrated to wood samples that are at a nominal 12% moisture content (MC). It should also be recognized that the measurement accuracy of non-pin wood moisture meters is almost solely dependent on wood density; that is because wood species that have differing wood density but the same absolute amount of water will have different MC values because the definition of MC is the ratio of water weight to wood weight. Some online and other technical references that cite specific gravity (SG) values for different wood species list the SG when the wood is a different MC other than 12%. For example, some SG values listed are the values when the wood is dried all the way down to where the MC is actually zero. Other listed values are when the wood is “green” at perhaps 80% MC or even higher.

The reason that it matters what the MC was when the SG was determined is that the volume of a wood sample will shrink when it is dried down from high MC values to lower MC values. So as the volume of the wood sample shrinks, the density (SG) of the wood increases because the formula for the wood density is the weight of the wood sample divided by the volume of the wood sample, or more simply the ratio of the weight of the wood to its volume. As the weight stays the same during shrinkage, the volume decreases. Online and other references will not only provide SG values at some specific MC but also their “shrinkage ratio”. The shrinkage ratio is defined to be the percent of the volume of the wood that shrinks per decrease in MC value. For instance, one might see a 2% shrinkage ratio which means that for every 1% drop in MC the wood will shrink by 2% of its volume.

Wagner chose to calibrate its meters at a nominal 12% MC because this is close to where most wood will be in service and will be measured by our meters. Therefore we publish SG values for wood species to be used by our meters that correlate to a 12% MC value. Since online and other references publish SG values at sometimes 0% MC or “green” MC, you will often see different values online than what we publish. We correct these published values by applying correction factors based on MC at referenced SG values and shrinkage ratio published values. It should be noted that a wood sample will not begin shrinking significantly until the MC drops below fiber saturation point, which is generally between 28% and 32%, so we use 30% as the average fiber saturation point.

As an example, let’s say we have a published SG value of 0.50 referenced to 0% MC with a shrinkage ratio of 0.1% of volume per percent MC. We want to convert to an SG value referenced to 12% MC. A sample at 12 % MC will be 1.2% larger in volume (swells 12 * 0.1%). Since 0.50 equals the weight of the sample divided by volume, we now know the volume will actually be 1.2% larger, so the SG should be adjusted by a factor of 1 divided by (1 + 1.2%) or 1 divided by (1.012) = 0.50/1.012 = 0.49). So, in this specific case, the 12 % MC referenced SG value will be slightly less than the published value referenced at 0% MC.